网络埋伏纪事

Facebook’s Prepack — The Next Killer In The JavaScript Zone

网络埋伏纪事 · 2017-06-14推荐 · 190阅读 CET/4 129 CET/6 7 原文链接

In the last days, the social networks are stormy about Prepack. Probably you still haven’t heard about it. That’s reasonable! It has been an open source only a few days ago. Prepack has developed by Facebook and it is under active development. It’s experimental and still in very early stage, but it is awesome 😱.

In this article we will introduce Prepack, cover what Facebook wants to solve, see some cool examples and understand the current state of Prepack.


Pre.. What?

Prepack is a tool that optimizes JavaScript source code

Computations that can be done at compile-time, instead of run-time, get eliminated. Prepack replaces the global code of a JavaScript bundle with equivalent code that is a simple sequence of assignments. This gets rid of most intermediate computations and object allocations.

Sebastian McKenzie — one of the Prepack developers

Prepack is a partial evaluator for JavaScript. Prepack rewrites a JavaScript bundle, resulting in JavaScript code that executes more efficiently. For initialization-heavy code, Prepack works best in an environment where JavaScript parsing is effectively cached.

And What About The Closure Compiler?

Prepack focuses on runtime performance, while the Closure Compiler emphasizes JavaScript code size.

The Closure Compiler also optimizes JavaScript code. Prepack goes further by truly running the global code that initialization phase, unrolling loops and recursion.

A Piece of history

One year ago, at React-Europe 2016 conference, Sebastian McKenzie talked about how making JavaScript initialization faster.

McKenzie talk at React-Europe 2016

So, now we know more about it. There are name and website and we can use it.


How To Start?

Prepack shipped as an npm package and you can use it by Prepack-CLI tool or by API calls to the Node.js module.

Prepack CLI

In order to install the Prepack-CLI, run

npm install -g prepack

And then to compile a file, run

`prepack script.js`

Prepack API

In order to install in it a project, run

`npm install --save-dev prepack`

and then the js code looks like:

Prepack api usage via npm package — code example

prepack-webpack-plugin

There is a webpack plugin for using Prepack in a convenient way.

webpack plugin usage example


Let The Show Begin

Here are some cool examples. The left side in the examples contains the input and the right side contains the output of Prepack.

The first example is a traditional hello world example:

Example 1

As you can see, Prepack compiled the code to the smallest version.

The next example contains two functions. Here is the code:

Example 2

The compiled code is generated from the first function. Function func2 is useless and it does not contain any side effect code, so there is no compiled code associate with func2.

Pay attention, code that is not in an IIFE is not a fully optimized.

Example without IIFE

This example shows coding with a for loop. The loop was removed in the compiled code, but there are a lot of unused lines. With an IIFE it will look like:

Example with IIFE

Here you can see that there are only 5 lines of the log operation.

Playground

You can try it out by yourself in a special playground in the Prepack website (see it in the references section). The playground is the better option for those who don’t want to install it or interest just in playing with Prepack.

Playground example


Current State

Github Measures

Prepack code hosted (with ❤️) by Github and published via npm.

Github

There are 15 contributors, about ~6500 stars, ~2000 downloads this week via npm and ~130 forks. This statistics are expected to leap in the upcoming period, since increased interest by developers in the social networks.

There is a funny issue you really want to know about…

Converts 1 meaningless line to 1065 lines of code · Issue #543 · facebook/prepack _Looks like @bevacqua managed to break it. Try running this modified example from the docs (function() { function fib…_github.com

But it is OK. They will fix it in the near future.

Tests Coverage

The code coverage report for serialization tests is available to all. Right now the coverage is 52.37%.

Code coverage

Prepack’s code coverage generated by istanbul.

Roadmap 🎯

Facebook has a roadmapfor the development of Prepack. The roadmap is divided into three parts: short, medium and long terms.

In the short term Facebook want to stabilizing the existing feature set for Prepacking of React Native bundles. They also want to do an integration with React Native tool chain. In addition, they plan to build out optimizations based on assumptions of the module system used by React Native.

The long term vision is to leveraging Prepack as a platform.


Last Attention

Prepack doesn’t recognize document and window, so their value will be undefined. Therefore, we would have to do some preparations for handling this issue. Maybe someone wants to write some npm package for this purpose? 😇

Facebook asks the developers to try Prepack, give feedback, and help them by bugs fixing and by contribution in the Github repository.

References

Here are some useful links for further reading:


Conclusion

Prepack can be a “life changer”. It is backed by a stable company — Facebook. They want to integrate this tool in React and they have been worked on that for a while. There are a lot to do. The vision of Facebook is to leveraging Prepack as a platform. It sounds promising. I will follow their advance. Prepack is awesome!

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